SECURITY FORCES IN THE AMERICAS: SOCIO-HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVES, 19th-20th CENTURIES
Appel à contributions pour le n. 2 de la revue Apuntes Estratégicos (EHESS-CERMA/Universidad nacional de Rosario)
The multiplicity of public and private security forces is a historical characteristic of the post-colonial Americas, an issue that is commonly found in other geographical regions. Nowadays, both in public and scientific debates, the most important issues seem to revolve around the problems of «the monopoly over the use of force» by the State, and the ontological dichotomy between a constant state of emergency and the inalienable rule of law. This historical plurality (reflected in many different capacities and jurisdictional spaces) calls for reflection on the process of institutionalization or de-institutionalization of the security forces, as well as on the various conceptions of security implied by this plurality itself.
Between the end of the19th century and the first decades of the20thcentury, both in thelocal and international spheres, it is possible to identify a wide range of security forces that have been structuring, together with the military, the coercive arm of the Americas’ modern States. In many cases, these forces have become important social and political actors. Besides, it is important to highlight the permanence, or emergence, of hybrid security forces that reveal an overlap between state and non-state actors.
The regulations that affect these forces, the strategic representations and the practices adopted by them, particularly from the operational point of view, have been varied and complex. Consequently, the present issue of Strategic Notes will reflect on the process of formation and evolution of these forces from a socio-historical perspective, paying attention to the social and political causes and consequences that characterize their origins and interventions. Our aim is to promote a comparative perspective, so far not widely applied, between the different security configurations in the Americas. This second edition will also explore the various conceptions used on the creation and modelling of the Americas’ security forces and its actions, as well as the historical conflicts that have shaped their historical mission. Finally, and in concurrence with the above-described perspective, special attention will be paid to the analysis of the relationship between the security forces and the groups or individuals that they are supposed to protect or pursuit.
DEADLINE FOR SUBMISSION OF PROPOSAL (MAXIMUM OF 500 WORDS) May 31st 2020
ANSWER DATE June 10th 2020
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